Heat Roadmap Europe is a series of studies which combine geographical mapping of energy demand and supply in unprecedented detail with detailed energy system modelling. Local conditions are considered using geographical information systems (GIS) and combined with hour-by-hour energy system analyses, which enables us to find a robust strategy to increase competitiveness, integrate more renewables and reduce the risks in the energy supply. By analysing heat savings and energy efficiency, by investigating local conditions, and by making energy system analyses we are able to identify a balance between heat savings and key infrastructural changes in the energy supply.The results are recommendations for a redesign of the European heat supply.
Heat Roadmap Europe has grown from a small collaboration between Aalborg University, Halmstad University, PlanEnergi and Euroheat & Power to a 14 partner strong collaboration which includes specialists in all relevant fields in HRE4.
HRE4 plans to cover the 14 countries in the EU ranked largest by heat demand. With these 14 countries, we will cover 85-90% of the heating and cooling demands in Europe; this means our results are hugely relevant for the EU level.
In Europe, there is a clear long-term objective to decarbonise the energy system, but it is very unclear how this will be achieved in the heating and cooling sector. As a result, there is currently a lot of uncertainty among policymakers and investors in the heating and cooling sector, primarily due to a lack of knowledge about the long-term changes that will occur in the coming decades. HRE4 will enable new policies as well as prepare the ground for new investments by creating more certainty in relation to the changes that are required.
The work in this project builds on three previous HRE studies. HRE4 involves the most detailed spatial mapping of heat demands and renewable heat resources up to date; includes the potential for reducing heat demands through cost-efficient energy efficiency measures in both the heating and the cooling sector; integrates industrial sectors to quantify heat demands; and models both long term projections and hour-by-hour energy systems.
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This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 695989.