In Europe, there is a clear long-term objective to decarbonise the energy system, but it is very unclear how this will be achieved in the heating and cooling sector. As a result, there is currently a lot of uncertainty among policymakers and investors in this sector, primarily due to a lack of knowledge about long-term changes that will occur in the coming decades. Heat Roadmap Europe 4 (HRE4)will enable new policies as well as prepare the ground for new investments by creating more certainty in relation to the changes that are required.
Heat Roadmap Europe 4 is a Horizon 2020 funded research project, with a consortium of 23 partners and will be running from 2016 until 2019. Its main goal is to study the heating and cooling sector in Europe by quantifying the effects of increased energy efficiency on both the demand and supply side, in terms of energy consumption, environmental impacts and costs.
"The overall aim in HRE4 is to develop low-carbon heating and cooling strategies, which are called Heat Roadmaps, and subsequently to quantify the impact of implementing them at a national level for 14 EU Member States"
HRE4 combines local thermal mapping and energy system analysis to show, not only the nature but also the impact that heating and cooling, which represents almost half the energy demand in Europe, has on our national energy systems.
By combining these two analysis, it is possible to develop and assess scenarios that are inherently decentralised, but on a large scale. So far, previous Heat Roadmap Europe studies have concluded that energy efficiency in the heating sector, which primarily includes heat savings in buildings, district heating in urban areas, and heat pumps and solar thermal in rural areas, will result in a cheaper, more local, and far more renewable heating and cooling sector in the future.
The aim of Heat Roadmap Europe 4 is to test and develop these ideas over the next 3 years. By looking at the 14 largest consumers of heating and cooling in Europe, we will develop country-specific Roadmaps and also be able to discuss the future of 85-90% of European heating and cooling demands.
This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 695989.