Energy transition and heating and cooling systems are at the centre of energy policy-making at European and local government levels. The EU Heating and Cooling Strategy is the first EU initiative addressing the energy used for heating and cooling in buildings and industry. By making the sector smarter, more efficient and sustainable, energy imports and dependency will fall, costs will be cut and emissions will be reduced. At the local level, Smart City concepts have accelerated this trend and provide practical findings to evaluate new thermal solutions for lowcarbon infrastructures and services.
On the 16th of March 2018, a workshop, scenario building and energy system analysis was presented to provide scientific evidence for different decarbonisation pathways in Europe. For each of the 14 EU countries participating in HRE, scenario building helps understanding of the role of energy technologies as well as the costs and benefits for the EU energy system under different sets of specific assumptions.
This event inspired the 100 participants to include integrated heating and cooling systems in their energy transition plans by providing state-of-the-art planning tools, solutions and insights.
You can download the presentations here.
On January 25, over 60 stakeholders from various sectors met in Warsaw to discuss the supply of heat through district energy systems in Poland, presenting other heating sources used in Poland and best-practice local and international examples. A keynote was given by the Ministry of Energy's Vice Minister, who insisted to put more focus on heating and an efficient use of primary energy in the Polish energy laws, in need for revision. Smog and fuel poverty in Poland were highlighted as key problems by most speakers in their presentations. The HRE4 Peta4 tool was introduced, as well as the EU legislation. The workshop, organised by BPIE, under the framework of HRE4, and in cooperation with Forum Energii, also focused on available financing options and existing support programmes. Presentations and photos are available for download.
A workshop organised in the framework of the 4DH conference and the HRE4 project took place in Copenhagen, Denmark, on 11 September 2017, to foster the exchange and discussion of tools and methods used for H&C assessments.
The workshop was attended by more than 40 participants who, after initial presentations, broke into groups to discuss 5 main topics, ranging from user needs via mapping and waste heat to integrated modelling and energy systems’ analyses. In all topics, ways forward to improve existing tools and develop more useful methods were discussed and proposed.
From a user-needs perspective it seems important that tools are specific to the users and purposes. A similar conclusion was taken by the energy systems group, which does not believe that the one tool that fits all users will appear soon. On the other hand, separated tools for demand and supply modelling were not considered to be so practical in the long-run, even though it is still common practice today. Instead an integrated modelling of both elements was recommended. In order energy system analyses to be really valuable, a clear research question is very important.
Across all topics, data quality and availability was highly discussed. Data is often scattered or not available (e.g. excess heat potentials are generally estimated from alternative datasets, like emissions) or its quality is questionable (e.g. technology costs). Still, good data remains a prerequisite for sound analyses and robust results. Ways forward relate to open data sets, extended official statistics and also common activities instead of parallel data collection.
You can download the presentations here and find the summary outcome of the groups discussions here.
This HRE4 workshop, organized on 11 May 2017 during the DecarbHeat Forum in Brussels, looked at best practices, tools and solutions, which could help local authorities accelerate the switch to more efficient buildings and low carbon heating and cooling.
Dominique Ristori, Director General at DG Energy, introduced the topic of the workshop by highlighting the importance of the decarbonisation of heating and cooling sector to meet the Energy Union objectives of a secure, sustainable and competitive energy for all consumers.
The moderator Claire Roumet, Director of Energy Cities, opened the session giving the floor to the keynote speaker: Professor Brian Vad Mathiesen, coordinator of the HRE4 project.
Prof. Vad Mathiesen presented the latest updates from the HRE project and highlighted the importance of a proper planning for Europe to develop an efficient heat infrastructure. Furthermore, he stressed that one of the goals of the HRE4 project will be to help those countries that are lagging behind in the energy challenge by giving them data and information on how to accelerate the switch from fossil fuels to renewable energy.
Following the keynote speech, a series of presentations looked at the circular economy for materials and energy (Mr Hans-Martin Friis Møller from Kalfor), citizens’ engagement (Ms Helen Andrews Tipper from Carbon Trust), technical and financial assistance aspects of the building renovation challenge (Paul Kenny, from the Tipperary Energy Agency) and Beijing energy strategy (Cooper Zhao from CECA).
After the presentations, Carsten Rothballer from ICLEI Europe (partner of HRE4) joined the speakers for a panel discussion. Some of the key points raised during the discussion were:
- Energy savings are too important and they need to be coupled with RES if Europe wants to achieve full decarbonisation.
- In the heating and cooling sector, there is no “one solution fits all”.
- Subsidies to fossil fuels distort the energy market.
- Local authorities need to step-up and be the drivers of the renovation challenge.
- Consumers’ trust is a key element for speeding up the building renovation challenge.
- Cities should make full use of locally available energy sources.
The session was then closed by a final remark by Claire Roumet on the important role played by cities in the decarbonization of the EU building stock.
On the occasion of the Heat Roadmap Europe (HRE) workshop in Brussels on Tuesday 7th March, over 80 participants from all over Europe learned about the different types of heating and cooling demand and supply, the exact heating and cooling potential and where it is located. Representatives from academia, associations, the municipal sector, NGOs and the private sector gathered together for the afternoon to consider the how HRE4 results can support with solutions to decarbonise the heating sector on the local, national and European scale.
The event kicked off with words of welcome from Eva Hoos, DG Energy, European Commission and Paul Voss, Euroheat & Power who both highlighted the importance of science-based tools for decarbonising of the heating/cooling sector. “It will be of great help to have comprehensive package like Heat Roadmap Europe 4 – from which to take inspiration and select tools that are adapted for guiding on this big journey towards 2030 framework.” said Hoos.
David Connolly, HRE Project Coordinator, from Aalborg University went on to provide an introduction and overview of Heat Roadmap Europe 4. “HRE will help save money, carbon emissions, and energy consumption. For years, power plants, industry, and waste incinerators all across Europe have been throwing away enormous quantities of heat and for the most part, this has gone unnoticed.” explained Connolly to the audience. “With HRE, policymakers, planners, suppliers and researchers can make informed decisions, for example by identifying hotspots with Peta4, so that they can replace the energy created by fossil fuel boilers with this excess heat instead. Cities currently spend millions on natural gas to heat their buildings and now they can meet their EU energy targets while also cutting costs for consumers.”
In order to create comprehensive heating and cooling strategies in HRE, an in-depth profile of the heating and cooling sector is required and this was presented next. Tobias Fleiter of the Fraunhofer ISI revealed the detailed profiles compiled over the last months, along with TEP Energy, Utrecht University and Armines, which calculate a complete heating and cooling end-use energy balance for all EU countries for 2015, and which distinguishes major end-uses such as space heating or process heating as well as temperature levels for process heat. The results of this profiling allow for detailed analyses of individual countries and sectors as well as cross-country comparisons.
The long-awaited Peta4 launch then got underway, with background presentations by Bernd Möller of Flensburg University and Urban Persson of Halmstad University, who provided technical context to the upgraded version of the first ever interactive maps of the heating and cooling demand, efficiency and supply in Europe. The newly launched Pan-European Thermal Atlas (Peta4) revealed itself to be the perfect tool for European governments of all levels, but also for businesses, consultants, academia and energy
enthusiasts to quickly and accurately assess thermal resources and thermal demand in a region.
Discussions wrapped up with questions from the audience and a panel discussion with related EU heating and cooling projects, to explore synergies and potential for unfolding project results. The “sister projects” present were CELSIUS project represented by Katarina Folland Gothenburg City), PLANHEAT represented by Stefano Barberis (D' Appolonia, THERMOS represented by Joshua Thumim (Centre for Sustainable Energy) and CoolHeating represented by Tomislav Puksec (University of Zagreb).
The event wrapped up with a celebratory toast to the launch of the Peta4.
Learn more about HRE4 with the videos from the HRE4 Workshop that took place in Brussels, on the 7th of March 2017. Here you can find all of the four videos for this workshop.
This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 695989.